Effect of an increased intraperitoneal pressure on fluid and solute transport during CAPD

Kidney Int. 1993 Nov;44(5):1078-85. doi: 10.1038/ki.1993.351.

Abstract

The effect of an increased intraperitoneal pressure on fluid and solute transport was studied in eight stable CAPD patients. Two permeability tests of two hours each with continuous registration of the intraperitoneal pressure were performed while patients were in supine position. The intra-abdominal pressure was raised by means of a tightening girdle with inflatable cuffs in one of the experiments. Intraperitoneally administered dextran 70 was used as a volume marker in order to determine the peritoneal fluid kinetics. The increment in the intra-abdominal pressure of 10.0 +/- 1.0 mm Hg caused a decline in the net ultrafiltration. This was mainly determined by an increase in the lymphatic absorption: 1.07 +/- 0.18 ml/min (without compression) versus 1.86 +/- 0.25 ml/min (with compression; P < 0.01), whereas the transcapillary ultrafiltration rate tended to decrease: 2.02 +/- 0.23 versus 1.73 +/- 0.27 ml/min (P = 0.08). External compression also diminished solute transport from the circulation to the peritoneal cavity. The decline in the mass transfer area coefficient of urea, creatinine, urate and beta 2-microglobulin was 13%, indicating a smaller effective peritoneal surface area caused by external compression probably due to a decrease in the number of the perfused peritoneal capillaries. The fall in the peritoneal protein clearances was more pronounced the higher the molecular weight of the protein, consistent with a decline in the intrinsic permeability of the peritoneum. Kinetic modeling using computer simulations was used to analyse these effects in terms of the pore theory, using a convection model (large pore radius 184 +/- 14 A) and a diffusion model (large pore radius 1028 +/- 218 A) for the transport of macromolecules.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ascitic Fluid / metabolism*
  • Biological Transport
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hydrostatic Pressure
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Peritoneal Cavity / physiology*
  • Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory*

Substances

  • Macromolecular Substances