Previous studies suggest that myopia in parents may influence the genesis of myopia in their offspring. In this study, we surveyed 2888 children of Chinese descent in China and Hong Kong to determine the relationship between the refractive state of parents and their children. The age range of the children was 7-17 years. Refraction was measured using a Canon R-22 objective infrared autorefractor and a survey on family history of ametropia was conducted using a questionnaire. We found that children with myopic parents are more likely to be myopic.