Tourette syndrome: associated symptoms and most disabling features

Neurosci Biobehav Rev. Fall 1993;17(3):271-5. doi: 10.1016/s0149-7634(05)80010-7.


Four hundred forty-six patients with Tourette Syndrome (TS) and/or their parents completed a 52-item self-report survey about vocal and motor tics, and the frequency of associated co-morbid conditions of aggression, obsessions and compulsions, attentional problems, sleep disturbance, mood disturbance, anxiety, and self-mutilative behaviours which have been frequently reported in the literature on TS. Respondents also responded to an open-ended question regarding the most disabling aspects of TS. Results were analyzed within two age groups; under 18 years of age (N = 245) and 18 years of age or older (N = 177). Tics and associated conditions were the most frequently reported disabling aspect by both age groups. Subjects under age 18, however, reported significantly more frequent problems with hyperactivity, temper control, aggressive behaviours and sleepwalking than adults with TS.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Canada
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Ratio
  • Social Behavior
  • Tourette Syndrome / complications
  • Tourette Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Tourette Syndrome / psychology*