PKA mediates the effects of monoamine transmitters on the K+ current underlying the slow spike frequency adaptation in hippocampal neurons

Neuron. 1993 Dec;11(6):1023-35. doi: 10.1016/0896-6273(93)90216-e.


The Ca(2+)-activated K+ current IAHP, which underlies spike frequency adaptation in cortical pyramidal cells, can be modulated by multiple transmitters and probably contributes to state control of the forebrain by ascending monoaminergic fibers. Here, we show that the modulation of this current by norepinephrine, serotonin, and histamine is mediated by protein kinase A in hippocampal CA1 neurons. Two specific protein kinase A inhibitors, Rp-cAMPS and Walsh peptide, suppressed the effects of these transmitters on IAHP and spike frequency adaptation. The effects of the cyclic AMP analog 8CPT-cAMP were also inhibited, whereas muscarinic and metabotropic glutamate receptor agonists had full effect. Intracellular application of protein kinase A catalytic subunit or a phosphatase inhibitor mimicked the effects of monoamines or 8CPT-cAMP. These results demonstrate that monoaminergic modulation of neuronal excitability in the mammalian CNS is mediated by protein phosphorylation.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Cyclic AMP / analogs & derivatives
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Hippocampus / enzymology
  • Hippocampus / physiology*
  • Histamine / pharmacology*
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neurons / drug effects
  • Neurons / enzymology
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Norepinephrine / pharmacology*
  • Peptides / pharmacology
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects
  • Potassium Channels / physiology*
  • Pyramidal Tracts / drug effects
  • Pyramidal Tracts / enzymology
  • Pyramidal Tracts / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Serotonin / pharmacology*
  • Thionucleotides / pharmacology
  • Time Factors


  • Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Peptides
  • Potassium Channels
  • Thionucleotides
  • Walsh peptide
  • adenosine-3',5'-cyclic phosphorothioate
  • Serotonin
  • 8-((4-chlorophenyl)thio)cyclic-3',5'-AMP
  • Histamine
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • Norepinephrine