Histomorphological changes in lung of rats following exposure to wood smoke

Indian J Exp Biol. 1993 Sep;31(9):761-4.

Abstract

Rats were exposed to repeated, intermittent exposure to smoke generated from combustion of 1g wood/15 min, total period for 75 min daily under dynamic exposure conditions, over a period of 15, 30 and 45 days. First 15 days exposure caused mild bronchiolitis, hyperplasia and hypertrophy of bronchiolar epithelial lining cells, some necrosed lining cells desquamated into lumens, congestion of parenchymatous blood vessels, oedema, hyperplasia of lymphoid follicles, peribronchiolar and perivascular infiltration of polymorphonuclear cells, and mild emphysema. These lesions progressed further during 30 and 45 days of exposure, though emphysematous changes remain constant. By 30 days and 45 days, hyperplastic and hypertrophic changes of bronchioles become quite marked, with mononuclear cells infiltration and alveolar septa thickening. Hematological studies show marginal alterations in hemoglobin levels, ESR, PCV and TLCS during 15 days, where as significant changes in eosinophil were observed during 30 and 45 days, and ESR during 45 days only. The results indicate progressive pathomorphological pulmonary lesions with subsequent exposure to wood smoke in controlled conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Lung / pathology*
  • Male
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Smoke / adverse effects*
  • Smoke Inhalation Injury / etiology
  • Smoke Inhalation Injury / pathology
  • Time Factors
  • Wood

Substances

  • Smoke