Ocular manifestations of frontonasal dysplasia

Plast Reconstr Surg. 1994 Jan;93(1):25-30. doi: 10.1097/00006534-199401000-00004.


The ophthalmologic findings associated with frontonasal dysplasia have not been defined previously in a large series of untreated children. We reviewed the ophthalmic manifestations of a series of patients with frontonasal dysplasia who were seen as part of their craniofacial evaluation. All had undergone a complete ophthalmologic examination before any manipulation of either the orbits or the soft tissues of the orbital contents. From 1986 to 1991, 23 patients with frontonasal dysplasia were seen; ophthalmologic abnormalities were found in 20 (87 percent). Abnormalities included significant refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, and eyelid ptosis. Three patients had amblyopia, a treatable cause of visual loss, from strabismus or anisometropia. Ten eyes in seven patients (30 percent) had severe structural anomalies, such as optic nerve hypoplasia, optic nerve colobomas, microphthalmia, cataract, corneal dermoid, or inflammatory retinopathy, that resulted in an acuity of 20/100 or worse. The high incidence of ocular abnormalities indicates that early assessment by an ophthalmologist should be part of the initial evaluation of patients with frontonasal dysplasia to detect treatable visual or ocular problems.

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Eye Abnormalities / epidemiology
  • Eye Abnormalities / etiology*
  • Eye Diseases / epidemiology
  • Eye Diseases / etiology*
  • Facial Bones / abnormalities*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Nose / abnormalities*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skull / abnormalities*