Cardiac involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: an echocardiographic study

Cardiology. 1993;83(4):234-9. doi: 10.1159/000175975.


Thirty-nine consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and 40 control subjects were studied by echocardiography in order to assess the incidence of cardiac involvement in this disease. The occurrence of anatomic lesions in our series was lower than that observed in other studies. No differences in mean values of left and right ventricular diastolic function indexes obtained by Doppler echocardiography were found between patients and controls. However, in 26% of patients with RA, left ventricular abnormalities probably secondary to myocardial fibrosis were observed.

MeSH terms

  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / diagnostic imaging*
  • Diastole / physiology
  • Echocardiography*
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Heart Diseases / epidemiology
  • Heart Diseases / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pericardial Effusion / diagnostic imaging
  • Pericardial Effusion / epidemiology
  • Pericardial Effusion / etiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Ventricular Function / physiology