Incidence of microvascular complications in type 1 diabetic subjects with limited joint mobility: a 10-year prospective study

Diabet Med. 1993 Nov;10(9):807-10. doi: 10.1111/j.1464-5491.1993.tb00170.x.


Previous cross-sectional studies have shown a significant correlation between limited joint mobility (LJM) and the microvascular complications of Type 1 diabetes, but whether LJM precedes and, therefore, may be regarded as an early marker for complications is unknown. Twenty-two Type 1 diabetic patients (10 male/12 female; diabetes duration at follow-up 20.1 +/- 1.3 (SEM) years) with LJM, and 22 subjects matched for age, sex, and duration of diabetes, without LJM were observed over a 10-year period. Both groups were free of retinopathy and negative for 'dipstick' proteinuria at baseline. After 10 years, of 22 patients with LJM, 10 had developed background and 3 proliferative retinopathy compared with 9 and 1 control subjects, respectively. Microalbuminuria (20 < or = albumin excretion rate < 200 micrograms min-1) was present in 3 and macroalbuminuria (albumin excretion rate > or = 200 micrograms min-1) in 2 of LJM patients compared with 6 and 1 control subjects, respectively. Ankle and toe vibration perception thresholds, HbA1, mean HbA1 (a mean of serial HbA1 measurements obtained during the 10-year follow-up period), and arterial blood pressure did not differ between the two groups (p > 0.05). At 10-year review, 9 of the control subjects had developed LJM of whom 4 had retinopathy and 4 microalbuminuria. Thus, while LJM may be another 'chronic complication' of diabetes, its presence does not appear to predict those at increased risk of developing microvascular complications.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Albuminuria
  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology*
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / epidemiology*
  • Diabetic Angiopathies / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Nephropathies / physiopathology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / epidemiology
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / analysis
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Joint Diseases / complications
  • Joint Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Time Factors


  • Glycated Hemoglobin A