The short insulin tolerance test is a simple method of estimating insulin resistance by measuring the rate of fall of blood glucose following the intravenous administration of insulin. To determine its reproducibility, 18 healthy subjects underwent duplicate insulin tolerance tests separated by at least 1 week. Intravenous insulin (0.05 units kg-1) was administered into an antecubital vein and arterialized venous samples were obtained from a retrogradely cannulated vein on the dorsum of the hand on the same side. The test was terminated with an intravenous glucose injection 15 min after the administration of insulin. The mean whole blood glucose concentration fell from 4.6 mmol l-1 to 2.8 mmol l-1 while plasma insulin concentrations rose to supraphysiological levels and declined exponentially. The glucose disappearance rate (Kitt) calculated from the slope of the fall in log transformed blood glucose between 3 and 15 min after insulin injection ranged from 2.1 to 6.5 (mean 4.4) % min-1 during the first visit and 1.7 to 7.4 (mean 4.4) % min-1 during the second. The ratio of the within-subject to between-subject variance of the test was 0.24, the within-subject coefficient of variation was 13% and the between-subject coefficient of variation 26%. The short insulin tolerance test is reproducible and could be used to measure insulin resistance in large-scale epidemiological studies.