A clinical classification and grading system of the cutaneous changes in onchocerciasis

Br J Dermatol. 1993 Sep;129(3):260-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.1993.tb11844.x.


Although onchocerciasis is one of the most important diseases of the skin and eye in the tropical world, to date there has been no formal consensus regarding the description and terminology of skin lesions. Furthermore, the contribution of cutaneous pathology to the morbidity and socio-economic effects of the disease has been largely neglected. We present a clinical classification and grading system for recording the cutaneous changes of onchocerciasis, and propose that this system be used as a standard method of description to convey clinical information between workers in all endemic areas to assist local and comparative research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Atrophy / parasitology
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Onchocerciasis / classification
  • Onchocerciasis / complications
  • Onchocerciasis / pathology*
  • Pigmentation Disorders / parasitology
  • Skin / parasitology*
  • Skin / pathology
  • Skin Diseases, Parasitic / classification
  • Skin Diseases, Parasitic / complications
  • Skin Diseases, Parasitic / pathology*