Histopathology of argon laser peripheral iridoplasty

Ophthalmic Surg. 1993 Nov;24(11):740-5.


We report the light and electron microscopic findings from two eyes treated with argon laser peripheral iridoplasty (ALPI) for bilateral angle-closure glaucoma. The patient, a 45-year-old man, died from complications of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome 16 days following ALPI. Ocular pathologic findings included contraction furrow formation and proliferation of fibroblast-like cells, accompanied by collagen deposition on the iris surface, denaturation of stromal collagen, and coagulative necrosis of blood vessels within the anterior two thirds of the iris stroma. These findings suggest that heat shrinkage of collagen may be responsible for the short-term response to ALPI, and that contraction of the fibroblastic membrane may be responsible for its long-term effects. Additionally, the presence of coagulative necrosis of iris blood vessels suggests that overt treatment may result in iris necrosis. To our knowledge this is the first report of the histopathology of ALPI.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications
  • Acute Disease
  • Cell Division
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Fibroblasts / pathology
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / pathology*
  • Glaucoma, Angle-Closure / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Iris / surgery*
  • Iris / ultrastructure*
  • Laser Therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged