Genetic etiology of nuclear cataract: evidence for a major gene

Am J Med Genet. 1993 Dec 1;47(8):1208-14. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.1320470816.


Sibling correlations and segregation analysis were used to examine the familial distribution of age-sex-adjusted measures of nuclear sclerosis in 1,247 individuals from 564 sibships in the Beaver Dam Eye Study. There are highly significant sibling correlations for all sibs, and separately for sister-sister, sister-brother, and brother-brother pairs. Two transformed normal distributions give the best fit to the data. The hypothesis of mendelian transmission of a major effect cannot be rejected, but the hypothesis of a random environmental major effect is rejected. The parameters of the tau AB free model showed close similarity to the values expected under a mendelian hypothesis. Our results suggest that a single major gene can account for 35% of the total variability of age-sex-adjusted measures of nuclear sclerosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cataract / genetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Likelihood Functions
  • Male
  • Middle Aged