Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Battered Women: Risk and Resiliency Factors

Violence Vict. Spring 1993;8(1):17-28.

Abstract

This study proposed that diagnosable levels of PTSD would be found among battered women and that the level of exposure to violence in the battering relationship would be an important contributing factor to the development of PTSD while other pre-trauma and post-trauma variables such as social support, intercurrent life events, religiosity, and developmental family stressors would also be related to PTSD symptom levels. Fifty-three battered women were given standardized self-report measures to assess these variables. As hypothesized, a significant proportion of battered women in the sample were diagnosed as PTSD positive. Multiple regression analyses revealed that violence exposure severity, recency of the last abusive episode, social support, intercurrent life events, intrinsic religiosity, and developmental family stressors predicted 43% of the variance in PTSD symptomatology.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychometrics
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Support
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / diagnosis*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / psychology
  • Violence