Forty-eight patients with repaired congenital oesophageal anomaly underwent aortopexy for significant tracheomalacia between 1980 and 1990. Indications for aortopexy included recurrent apnoea/cyanosis in 31, near fatal episodes in 16, recurrent respiratory distress and infection in 20 and worsening stridor in 15. Gastro-oesophageal reflux was noted in 30 patients, recurrent fistula in 6 and oesophageal stricture in 14. Aortopexy cured near fatal episodes in all patients and resulted in improvement of airway obstruction in 95%. The procedure failed in 2 patients due to unrecognised bronchomalacia and phrenic nerve palsy respectively. Aortopexy is the primary procedure of choice for significant tracheomalacia when associated with near fatal episodes and significant airway obstruction.