Self-perception variables that mediate AIDS-preventive behavior in college students

Health Psychol. 1993 Nov;12(6):489-98. doi: 10.1037//0278-6133.12.6.489.


Three psychological variables--self-efficacy, control and meaning, and perceived risk--were tested in a structural model predicting AIDS-preventive behavior. Results revealed a good model fit, indicating that these psychological variables did play a role in mediating AIDS-preventive behavior in college students. A multivariate analysis of variance and individual analyses of variance conducted for men and women also revealed gender differences on individual items of self-efficacy, perceived risk, and AIDS-preventive behavior. This study underscores the importance of identifying and assessing the psychological determinants of AIDS-preventive behavior.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / psychology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / transmission
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Personality Inventory
  • Risk Factors
  • Self Concept*
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sexual Partners / psychology
  • Students / psychology*