Psychiatric and substance abuse disorders among male urban jail detainees

Am J Public Health. 1994 Feb;84(2):290-3. doi: 10.2105/ajph.84.2.290.


This paper presents prevalence rates by race/ethnicity and age for nine psychiatric and substance use disorders found in a random sample of 728 male jail detainees. Two thirds of the sample detainees had had a disorder other than antisocial personality during their lifetimes; half of these had had an episode within 2 weeks of the interview. More than 30% currently had either a severe mental disorder or a substance use disorder. Detainees with severe mental disorders or substance use disorders were most often in jail because they had committed nonviolent crimes. Policy implications of the results are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / epidemiology
  • Alcoholism / ethnology
  • Black or African American
  • Chicago / epidemiology
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Mental Disorders / ethnology
  • Prevalence
  • Prisoners*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / ethnology
  • Urban Health
  • White People