Biomechanics of diarthrodial joints: a review of twenty years of progress

J Biomech Eng. 1993 Nov;115(4B):460-7. doi: 10.1115/1.2895525.

Abstract

A survey of some of the advances made over the past twenty years in understanding diarthrodial joint biomechanics is presented. Topics covered in this review include: biotribology (i.e., friction, lubrication and wear of diarthrodial joints); contact area determinations; stereophotogrammetric rendering of articular surfaces; deformational field analysis using canonical problems; and finite element formulations for both infinitesimal and finite deformations of biphasic materials and precise anatomic surfaces. Suggestions are made for future research directions as well.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cartilage, Articular / physiopathology
  • Friction
  • Humans
  • Joints / physiology*
  • Ligaments, Articular / physiopathology
  • Models, Biological
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Synovial Fluid / physiology