Characterization of the endogenous Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter in Xenopus oocytes

Am J Physiol. 1994 Jan;266(1 Pt 1):C284-92. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.1994.266.1.C284.


Over time, Xenopus laevis changed from producing stage V and VI oocytes with little native Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransport activity to those with substantial activity. In oocytes with high endogenous activity, K+ uptake, using the tracer 86Rb+ was approximately 20 pmol.min-1.oocyte-1 in the presence of blockers of Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase and conductive K+ transport. Bumetanide (10 microM) inhibited > 90% of this uptake, suggesting involvement of Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransport. This was confirmed by two observations that are found in this cotransporter in other tissues: 1) The related diuretics, thiobenzmetanide [50% inhibitory concentration (IC50), 2 x 10(-11) M] > bumetanide (IC50, 7 x 10(-8) M) > furosemide (IC50, 2.5 x 10(-6) M) inhibited the cotransporter in a dose-dependent manner. 2) There was little uptake of K+ in the absence of extracellular Na+ or Cl-. Halving medium osmolarity to 92 mosM decreased bumetanide-sensitive K+ uptake by approximately 75%, whereas a doubling of medium osmolarity increased it by approximately 50%. The cotransport activity was increased fourfold by the phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A (200 nM) but was unaffected by 8-(4-chlorophenylthio)adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate, 8-bromoguanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate, ATP, ionomycin, or okadaic acid. Both the photoaffinity bumetanide analogue, 4-[3H]benzoyl-5-sulfamoyl-3-(3-thenyloxy)benzoic acid, and an antiserum raised against Ehrlich ascites cell cotransporter specifically labeled an approximately 140-kDa oocyte membrane protein. These results demonstrated that, in addition to the Na+ pump and K+ channels, K+ uptake in Xenopus oocytes occurs via a loop-diuretic-sensitive Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl- cotransporter.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bumetanide / pharmacology
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Intracellular Membranes / physiology
  • Marine Toxins
  • Oocytes / metabolism*
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Oxazoles / pharmacology
  • Sodium-Potassium-Chloride Symporters
  • Xenopus laevis / metabolism*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • Marine Toxins
  • Oxazoles
  • Sodium-Potassium-Chloride Symporters
  • Bumetanide
  • calyculin A