Analysis of free fatty acid effect on methotrexate binding to albumin

Biochem Pharmacol. 1994 Jan 20;47(2):415-7. doi: 10.1016/0006-2952(94)90034-5.


The binding of methotrexate to human serum albumin and the inhibitory effect of serum free fatty acids (FFA) have been studied by equilibrium dialysis with radiolabeled methotrexate. Methotrexate was bound to albumin via a single site (1.03 +/- 0.02) with a low affinity (1350 +/- 60 M-1). The effect of FFA on binding by albumin of methotrexate was analysed according to the classical inhibition models with computation of the free inhibitor concentration and was ascribed to an uncompetitive type of inhibition. These results were in agreement with the observed serum binding of methotrexate (45-50%) and allowed the simulation of the effect of various concentrations of FFA on methotrexate albumin binding in human serum.

MeSH terms

  • Binding, Competitive / drug effects
  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Mathematics
  • Methotrexate / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding / drug effects
  • Serum Albumin / metabolism*


  • Fatty Acids, Nonesterified
  • Serum Albumin
  • Methotrexate