Functional relevance of presynaptic muscarinic autoreceptors

J Physiol Paris. 1993;87(2):77-81. doi: 10.1016/0928-4257(93)90001-a.


Pre- and postsynaptic muscarinic receptors have been characterized in the isolated trachea and ileal circular muscle of the guinea pig. The muscarinic autoreceptors mediating inhibition of acetylcholine release in the circular muscle belong to the M1 subtype, whereas those inhibiting acetylcholine release in the trachea are M2 or M4 receptors. In both tissues the postsynaptic muscarinic receptors are M3 receptors. Blockade of the autoreceptors by selective M1 and M2/M4 receptor antagonists leads to facilitation of cholinergic neurotransmission.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Ileum / physiology
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Muscle, Smooth / physiology
  • Presynaptic Terminals / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / physiology*
  • Trachea / physiology


  • Receptors, Muscarinic