Following a concomitant oral dose of salicylamide and acetaminophen (5 mg/kg of each) the urinary excretion of glucuronide and sulfate conjugates of the drugs were followed in children (ages seven to ten years) and adults. No significant difference were observed between the two age groups in the half-lives for appearance of salicylamide conjugates in urine. Age-related changes in the metabolic pathways, however, were observed. The mean percentage of dose excreted as salicylamide sulfate was significantly higher in children (78%) than in adults (36%). In contrast, salicylamide glucuronide was the major excretory product in adults. Similar age-related differences were observed for acetaminophen conjugation. Pharmacokinetic analysis indicated that the deficiency in glucuronide conjugation of these drugs in children is accompanied by a higher rate of sulfate formation.