Congenital oligonephropathy and the etiology of adult hypertension and progressive renal injury

Am J Kidney Dis. 1994 Feb;23(2):171-5.


Based on the associations reviewed in this report, we have hypothesized that retardation of renal development as occurs in individuals of low birth weight gives rise to increased postnatal risks for systemic and glomerular hypertension as well as enhanced risk of expression of renal disease. This hypothesis draws on observations suggesting (1) a direct relationship between birth weight and nephron number, (2) an inverse relationship between birth weight and later-life hypertension, and (3) an inverse relationship between nephron number and blood pressure, irrespective of whether nephron number is reduced congenitally or in postnatal life (as from partial renal ablation or acquired renal disease). Additional clinical and epidemiologic studies are needed to assess these initial impressions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Hypertension, Renal / etiology*
  • Hypertension, Renal / pathology
  • Hypertension, Renal / physiopathology
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / pathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology
  • Nephrons / abnormalities*