During the past twenty years there has been a rapid rise in the numbers of papers evaluating the incidence of childhood diabetes. Childhood diabetes has emerged as the non-communicable disease with the largest geographic coverage across the world. The incidence data are employed to forecast into the future. It is evident that both the United States and Europe will be confronted with an ever increasing burden of diabetes. It is argued that the monitoring of childhood diabetes should move into the public health sphere by making it a reportable disease. This would set the stage for public health surveillance of not only childhood diabetes but of all non-communicable diseases in the 21st century. The current paper overviews where we have come in the area of insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus epidemiology. Moreover, it projects into the future as to where Type 1 diabetes epidemiology can head. It is argued that Type 1 diabetes epidemiology can become the model disease to transform the current global approaches to health.