Pharmacokinetics of E2020, a new compound for Alzheimer's disease, in healthy male volunteers

Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1993 May;31(5):223-9.


E2020 is a new cholinesterase inhibitor with a novel chemical structure, which is under clinical investigation for use in Alzheimer's disease in Japan and the USA. Three separate studies were conducted to evaluate the safety and to establish the pharmacokinetic profile of E2020 after oral administration to healthy male subjects. E2020 was administered as: (1) single oral doses (0.3 mg, 1 mg, 2 mg, 5 mg, 8 mg and 10 mg) in a fasting condition, (2) a single oral dose (2 mg) after a meal and (3) repeated oral doses (2 mg once daily for 21 days). The concentrations of E2020 and its metabolites in plasma, serum, urine and feces were determined by HPLC methods with UV detection. E2020 was generally well tolerated by all subjects. In the single-dose study, there was a linear relationship between dose and mean AUC. The mean plasma half-life was about 50 hours and was dose-independent. The total clearance and renal clearance of E2020 were also dose-independent and the mean values after 10 mg dosing were 9.7 l/hour and 0.86 l/hour, respectively. The cumulative total urinary and fecal excretion of the sum of unchanged E2020 and its metabolites at 264 hours after the administration of the single 10-mg-dose was 36.1% and 8.6% of the dose, respectively. The mean serum protein binding was 92.6%. No effect of food intake on the pharmacokinetics was observed. Evaluation of the mean trough levels and AUC0-24 of E2020 indicated that a steady-state was achieved after approximately 2 weeks of daily dosing.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alzheimer Disease / drug therapy*
  • Blood Proteins / metabolism
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / administration & dosage
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / adverse effects
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors / pharmacokinetics*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Donepezil
  • Food
  • Humans
  • Indans / administration & dosage
  • Indans / adverse effects
  • Indans / pharmacokinetics*
  • Male
  • Piperidines / administration & dosage
  • Piperidines / adverse effects
  • Piperidines / pharmacokinetics*
  • Protein Binding
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet


  • Blood Proteins
  • Cholinesterase Inhibitors
  • Indans
  • Piperidines
  • Donepezil