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, 27 (1), 47-54

An Analysis of the Inferior Based Tracheal Flap for Pediatric Tracheotomy

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An Analysis of the Inferior Based Tracheal Flap for Pediatric Tracheotomy

E Y Waki et al. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.

Abstract

In the past, various tracheotomy incisions have been used at the Children's Hospital of Michigan with the occurrence of complications related to accidental decannulation and immediate recannulation. Since that time the inferior based tracheal cartilage flap has been used to minimize early complications. A retrospective study of 126 pediatric tracheotomies performed at the Children's Hospital of Michigan from June 1986 to January 1991 was reviewed. Only tracheotomies performed by a staff otolaryngologist utilizing the inferior based tracheal cartilage flaps were reviewed. This study includes patients with a 6 month to 5 year follow up. The early complication rate was 4%, while the late was 50%. Stomal granulation tissue was comparatively increased in this series of patients but did not hinder decannulation. We consider the use of the inferior based tracheal cartilage flap in the pediatric population a safe and effective technique without increasing the morbidity of long-term tracheotomy.

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