Hybrid females from crosses between Drsophila melanogaster males and females of its sibling species, D. simulans, D. mauritiana, or D. sechellia die as embryos. This lethality is believed to be caused by incompatibility between the X chromosome of D. melanogaster and the maternal cytoplasm. Zygotic hybrid rescue (Zhr) prevents this embryonic lethality and has been cytogenetically mapped to a proximal region of the X chromosome of D. melanogaster, probably in the centromeric heterochromatin. We have carried out high resolution cytological mapping of Zhr using deficiencies and duplications of the X heterochromatin. Deletions of the Zhr+ gene from the hybrid genome exhibit the Zhr phenotype. On the contrary, addition of the wild-type gene to the hybrid genome causes embryonic lethality, regardless of sex. The Zhr locus has been narrowed down to the region covered by Dp(1;f)1162 but not covered Dp(1;f)1205, a chromosome carrying a duplication of heterochromatin located slightly distal to the In(1)sc8 heterochromatic break-point.