Mortality and cancer incidence in a cohort of rubber workers in Moscow

Scand J Work Environ Health. 1993 Apr;19(2):96-101. doi: 10.5271/sjweh.1491.


This study evaluated the mortality and cancer incidence of 1178 men and 2492 women who had worked at least 10 years in a large rubber manufacturing facility up to the cohort assembly period between 1 January 1979 and 31 December 1983. The follow-up period was from 1 January 1979 to 31 December 1988. For all causes of death no increase in risk was observed. The male workers had a nonsignificantly increased standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for all cancers [SMR 116, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 90-151] and a significantly increased SMR for injuries (SMR 174, 95% CI 111-257). For the men the all-cancer standardized incidence ratio (SIR) was 146 (95% CI 119-172), and the SIR for brain cancer was significantly greater than 100 (SIR 500, 95% CI 233-767). Among the female workers only a significant excess risk for laryngeal tumors (SIR 1430, 95% CI 172-5160) was found. Because of the limited amount of data and the many subgroups formed, the occupational genesis of the cancer excess should not be overinterpreted. In addition, there was a possibility of confounding from smoking and other nonoccupational factors.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cause of Death*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Moscow / epidemiology
  • Neoplasms / mortality*
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Rubber / adverse effects*
  • Urban Population / statistics & numerical data*


  • Rubber