Hyperhomocysteinemia, a risk factor for atherosclerosis in chronic uremic patients

Kidney Int Suppl. 1993 Jun;41:S72-7.

Abstract

Hyperhomocysteinemia has been shown to constitute an independent risk factor for premature occlusive arterial disease (N Engl J Med 324:1149), a frequent complication in chronic uremic patients in whom homocysteine (Hcy) accumulation has been reported to occur. We prospectively determined fasting plasma level of total, protein-bound Hcy in 118 adult chronic uremic patients, either dialyzed or not. In 79 non-dialyzed patients (47 male) with various degrees of chronic renal failure (RF) assessed by creatinine clearance (CCr), none receiving folate, B6 or B12 vitamin supplementation, mean (+/- 1 SD) plasma Hcy level was 16.2 +/- 8.1 mumol/liter in 28 patients with mild RF (CCr 30 to 75 ml/min), 23.3 +/- 14.7 in 29 patients with moderate RF (CCr 10 to 29.9), and 29.5 +/- 14.4 in 22 patients with advanced RF (CCr < 10), a significant difference (P < 0.01 for all groups) compared to 45 healthy controls (8.2 +/- 2.2 mumol/liter). Linear regression analysis showed a significant correlation between plasma creatinine and Hcy concentrations (r = 0.49, P < 0.0001). Hcy was significantly higher in 20 patients (16 males) who had past histories of occlusive arterial disease than in the 59 (31 males) who did not (30.9 +/- 19.1 vs. 19.6 +/- 9.7 mumol/liter, P < 0.001) and all of the former had Hcy level > 14.1 mumol/liter (the upper limit in healthy controls) versus 35 of 59 in the latter.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arterial Occlusive Diseases / etiology
  • Arteriosclerosis / etiology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Homocysteine / blood*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Uremia / blood
  • Uremia / complications*

Substances

  • Homocysteine