Complications of immobilization and bed rest. Part 1: Musculoskeletal and cardiovascular complications

Can Fam Physician. 1993 Jun;39:1428-32, 1435-7.


Prolonged bed rest and immobilization inevitably lead to complications. Such complications are much easier to prevent than to treat. Musculoskeletal complications include loss of muscle strength and endurance, contractures and soft tissue changes, disuse osteoporosis, and degenerative joint disease. Cardiovascular complications include an increased heart rate, decreased cardiac reserve, orthostatic hypotension, and venous thromboembolism.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bed Rest / adverse effects*
  • Bone Diseases / etiology*
  • Heart Diseases / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Immobilization / adverse effects*
  • Muscular Diseases / etiology*
  • Vascular Diseases / etiology*