Effects of training in time-limited dynamic psychotherapy: mediators of therapists' responses to training

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1993 Jun;61(3):441-7. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.61.3.441.


Sixteen therapists were enrolled in a year-long manualized training program as part of the Vanderbilt II study of time-limited dynamic psychotherapy (TLDP). The training program successfully changed therapists' interventions in line with prescriptions of the TLDP manual, but some unanticipated changes ran counter to the intent of the training, including increased negative interpersonal transactions as indicated by process measures such as the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior (SASB). We examined therapist variables, patient variables, and training variables that appeared to mediate therapist responses to the training program. Results indicate that patient difficulty may mediate certain aspects of therapists' responses to training. Therapists with self-reported hostile and controlling introjects showed the greatest technical adherence, which was intriguing because prior research has linked hostile therapist introject to greater frequency of counter-therapeutic interpersonal process. Of special interest were differences in effects of training associated with individual training faculty. This finding, if generalizable, has important implications for manualized therapy research, especially multisite trials.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Clinical Competence
  • Education, Continuing
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care
  • Personality Inventory
  • Professional-Patient Relations*
  • Psychoanalytic Therapy / education*
  • Psychotherapy, Brief / education*