Vision screening of individuals with severe or profound mental retardation

Ment Retard. 1993 Jun;31(3):154-60.

Abstract

A vision screening program was established at a regional center for individuals with severe or profound mental retardation. The visual acuity measure used was the acuity card procedure, a type of forced-choice preferential looking. Acuity values were evaluated in terms of test-retest reliability as well as inter- and intraobserver reliability. Acuity results compared favorably to those obtained in less compromised populations, and we conclude that the acuity card procedure is a useful screening tool for this population. Suggestions for its application in evaluating functional vision were also discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Education of Intellectually Disabled*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Intellectual Disability / psychology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Vision Screening / psychology*
  • Vision, Binocular
  • Vision, Monocular