Heat-related deaths--United States, 1993

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1993 Jul 23;42(28):558-60.


From July 1 through July 13, 1993, the heat wave in the eastern United States has been implicated as the direct cause of or a contributing factor to 84 deaths among persons residing in the Philadelphia area. In Philadelphia County, the medical examiner (ME) lists hyperthermia as a contributing factor leading to death if a decedent is elderly or infirm and was exposed to a hot environment. However, reporting of hyperthermia on a death certificate depends on the criteria of individual MEs or coroners. This article describes three case reports of heat-related deaths in other parts of the United States in 1993, summarizes risk factors for this problem, and reviews measures to prevent heat-related illness.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Climate
  • Female
  • Fever / mortality
  • Heat Exhaustion / mortality*
  • Heat Exhaustion / prevention & control
  • Hot Temperature / adverse effects*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • United States / epidemiology