Hospitalization of Jewish and Bedouin infants in southern Israel for bronchiolitis caused by respiratory syncytial virus

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1993 May;12(5):381-6. doi: 10.1097/00006454-199305000-00006.

Abstract

We conducted a prospective study to determine the clinical picture and impact of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) on hospitalization for acute bronchiolitis of pediatric patients less than 2 years of age belonging to two different ethnic groups in Southern Israel: Jews and Bedouins. All patients younger than 2 years of age hospitalized for bronchiolitis during a typical RSV season were enrolled. During the study period 120 patients with bronchiolitis were hospitalized, and 83 (69%) were RSV-positive. Their age ranged from 20 days to 9 months. Fifty-five percent of all patients with RSV bronchiolitis were < or = 3 months old and 92% were < or = 6 months old. Patients with RSV bronchiolitis represented 18% of all hospitalized infants < or = 9 months old and 35% of all hospitalizations for respiratory problems of infants < or = 9 months old. The yearly incidence of hospitalization for RSV bronchiolitis was 5.4/1000 live births for Jews and 18/1000 live births for Bedouins. The total number of hospitalization days calculated for 1000 births was 32.1 for the Jews and 86.7 for the Bedouins. RSV has a serious impact on infant morbidity in Southern Israel.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Age Factors
  • Bronchiolitis / epidemiology*
  • Bronchiolitis / ethnology
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Female
  • Hospitalization*
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin G / blood
  • Immunoglobulin M / blood
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Israel / epidemiology
  • Jews
  • Length of Stay
  • Male
  • Prospective Studies
  • Respiratory Syncytial Viruses*
  • Respirovirus Infections / epidemiology*
  • Respirovirus Infections / ethnology
  • Seasons

Substances

  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M