Late Results of Mitral Valve Repair for Mitral Regurgitation Due to Degenerative Disease

Ann Thorac Surg. 1993 Jul;56(1):7-12; discussion 13-4. doi: 10.1016/0003-4975(93)90396-y.

Abstract

From June 1981 to August 1992, 184 patients with mitral regurgitation due to degenerative disease underwent mitral valve repair. The mean age was 57 years, and 74% were men. One-third of the patients were in atrial fibrillation, and 71% were in New York Heart Association classes III and IV. The mitral regurgitation was due to prolapse of the posterior leaflet in 97 patients (53%), prolapse of the anterior leaflet in 42 (23%), and prolapse of both leaflets in 45 (24%). The degree of myxomatous changes was assessed intraoperatively as mild in 125 patients (68%), moderate in 27 (15%), and severe in 32 (17%). Mitral valve repair was accomplished largely by techniques described by Carpentier. Ring annuloplasty was performed in 160 patients (66 with Carpentier ring and 94 with Duran ring). There was one operative death, and 5 patients experienced life-threatening complications. Patients were followed up from 5 to 132 months (mean, 41 months). The actuarial survival at 8 years was 88% +/- 4%. The freedom from stroke at 8 years was 94% +/- 2%, and the freedom from transient ischemic attacks was 86% +/- 6%. Age greater than 60 years was the only factor associated with higher risk of thromboembolic complications by logistic regression analysis. The actuarial freedom from reoperation at 8 years was 95% +/- 2%. Advanced myxomatous changes in the leaflets of the mitral valve was the only significant factor associated with a higher risk of reoperation. Most patients were in New York Heart Association class I at the last follow-up.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Echocardiography, Doppler
  • Endocarditis, Bacterial / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve / pathology
  • Mitral Valve / surgery*
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / pathology
  • Mitral Valve Insufficiency / surgery*
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Reoperation
  • Thromboembolism / etiology