Urodynamic biofeedback training for children with bladder-sphincter dyscoordination during voiding

Neurourol Urodyn. 1993;12(3):211-21. doi: 10.1002/nau.1930120303.


Neurologically normal children with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), night- and daytime wetting, and urge and painful voiding may have staccato voiding due to pelvic floor contractions. The immediate effect of non-invasive urodynamic biofeedback (BF) therapy was assessed using a historical follow-up study in 31 children aged 5-15 years suffering from urodynamically proven overactive urethra during voiding. A long-term follow-up study was performed to investigate whether improvement was maintained. Twenty-four children (77.5%) benefited from the treatment. Of these 16 (51.5%) were cured, while 8 (26%) had a pronounced reduction in their symptoms. Although the flow was normalized in 17 (55%) and nearly normalized in 7 (22.5%), there was no significant correlation between subjective and objective criteria of improvement. Similarly, no relationship was found between the initial urodynamic characteristics and the treatment outcome. During a mean follow-up time of 4 years (range: 1-7.5 years) two of the initially cured patients relapsed. They were recurred with a refresher course. Three had had a single or a few episodes of cystitis in the course of several years. Of the patients with pronounced reduction in their symptoms, three relapsed. A refresher course was attempted in two patients; one was successful. It can thus be concluded that BF is an effective way of treating this disturbance and the beneficial effect is to a wide degree maintained.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Biofeedback, Psychology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Urinary Bladder / physiopathology*
  • Urination / physiology*
  • Urination Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Urination Disorders / therapy*
  • Urodynamics*