Prevention of torture and care of survivors. An integrated approach

JAMA. 1993 Aug 4;270(5):606-11.


An analysis of the 1992 Amnesty International report demonstrates the nature and global distribution of reports of human rights violations. Systematic torture was reported in 93 of 204 countries. Reports of torture were more common from regions affected by political unrest, including mass demonstrations, riots, outbreaks of violence, killings, coup attempts, civil war, armed tribal conflict, rebellions, and conflicts with various opposition groups demanding social and political reform. These observations suggest that effective measures against torture require a multilevel analysis of underlying social, political, cultural, and psychological factors. Effective care of survivors of organized violence and torture is an indispensable component of the human rights struggle and needs more scientific attention. An integrated approach involving both preventive efforts and care of survivors can promote the human rights cause.

MeSH terms

  • Global Health
  • Human Rights / injuries*
  • Human Rights / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • International Cooperation*
  • Prevalence
  • Research
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / epidemiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / prevention & control
  • Torture* / psychology
  • Torture* / statistics & numerical data
  • War Crimes / prevention & control*
  • War Crimes / psychology
  • War Crimes / statistics & numerical data