AAEM minimonograph #40: clinical neurophysiology of the respiratory system

Muscle Nerve. 1993 Aug;16(8):809-18. doi: 10.1002/mus.880160802.


Disorders of nerve and muscle are frequent causes of respiratory insufficiency, but current methods often fail to adequately assess the problem. Phrenic nerve conduction and needle electromyography of the diaphragm are of great assistance in identifying the nature and site of the disorder: the various disturbances of central drive, axonal or demyelinating neuropathies of the phrenic nerves, and certain myopathies. These studies may be performed on adults, children, or infants, and in outpatient, general ward, or critical care settings. It is hoped these techniques will stimulate further developments in the field.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Brain / physiology
  • Electromyography / methods
  • Humans
  • Nervous System Physiological Phenomena*
  • Neural Conduction
  • Neuromuscular Diseases / physiopathology
  • Neurophysiology
  • Phrenic Nerve / physiology
  • Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
  • Respiratory System / innervation