Behavioural and emotional problems in children and adolescents with congenital heart disease

Psychol Med. 1993 May;23(2):415-24. doi: 10.1017/s0033291700028518.


Behavioural/emotional problems were assessed at least nine years after surgical correction for congenital heart disease (ConHD) in childhood. Parents of 144 10-15-year-old ConHD-children completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and 179, 11-17-year-old, ConHD-adolescents completed the Youth Self-Report (YSR). On the CBCL and YSR ConHD-children and adolescents obtained significantly higher problem scores than same-aged peers from normative reference groups. No significant differences were found between problem scores for different cardiac diagnostic groups. A negative correlation was found between CBCL total problem scores and IQ-scores of ConHD-children; for YSR total problem scores no such relationship was found.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological*
  • Adolescent
  • Affective Symptoms / diagnosis
  • Affective Symptoms / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders / diagnosis
  • Child Behavior Disorders / psychology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / psychology*
  • Heart Defects, Congenital / surgery
  • Humans
  • Intelligence
  • Male
  • Personality Assessment
  • Personality Inventory
  • Postoperative Complications / diagnosis
  • Postoperative Complications / psychology
  • Sick Role*
  • Social Adjustment