Gastric vagal-evoked and greater splanchnic-evoked unitary responses in the hypothalamus

Am J Physiol. 1993 Jun;264(6 Pt 1):G1133-41. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.1993.264.6.G1133.


Gastric vagal and greater splanchnic nerve fibers were electrically stimulated to localize and characterize neuronal interactions in the hypothalamus of anesthetized cats. Extracellular recordings from 635 hypothalamic units were identified that responded to electrical stimulation of the left greater splanchnic nerve or gastric vagal fibers serving the proximal stomach. A total of 504 hypothalamic units in this group received input from both gastric vagal and greater splanchnic nerves. The gastric vagal-evoked hypothalamic (GVeH) and greater splanchnic-evoked hypothalamic (SeH) responses were widely distributed in the medial, paraventricular, and dorsomedial nuclei and lateral hypothalamus. The conduction velocity of the SeH response was significantly greater than the GVeH response. The latency of the SeH response showed two peaks [58 +/- 15.7 (SD) ms and 136 +/- 18.3 (SD) ms] indicating that the splanchnic input terminated on two different groups or populations of hypothalamic neurons. It also suggested that different pathways or fiber diameters in the pathway may be involved in the transmission of splanchnic input to the hypothalamus. The majority of the GVeH and SeH unitary responses were multiple spikes or short trains of action potentials. Excitatory and inhibitory responses were observed in tonically active hypothalamic units that responded to gastric vagal or greater splanchnic input. The duration of decreased excitability to gastric vagal or greater splanchnic input was significantly greater than the period of increased excitability. The condition-test paradigm was used to determine the time course of convergent gastric vagal-greater splanchnic input on single hypothalamic neurons.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Electric Stimulation
  • Evoked Potentials
  • Hypothalamus / cytology
  • Hypothalamus / physiology*
  • Neurons / physiology*
  • Reaction Time
  • Splanchnic Nerves / physiology*
  • Stomach / innervation*
  • Vagus Nerve / physiology*