Pulmonary lymphocyte recruitment: depletion of CD8+ T cells does not impair the pulmonary immune response to intratracheal antigen

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1993 Jul;9(1):90-8. doi: 10.1165/ajrcmb/9.1.90.

Abstract

CD8+ T cells predominate in the lungs in hypersensitivity and human immunodeficiency virus-related lymphocytic pneumonitis, but their role in the immunopathogenesis of lung disease is unknown. We have shown that in immunized mice depleted of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells are recruited into the lungs in response to intratracheal antigen challenge with sheep red blood cells (SRBC) (J. Clin. Invest. 1991; 88:1244-1254) or to pulmonary infection with Pneumocystis carinii (Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 1991; 5:186-197), suggesting that recruitment of CD8+ T cells does not depend on CD4+ T cell-derived signals. Because CD8+ T cells themselves produce a variety of chemotactic and immunoregulatory cytokines, CD8+ T cells may be important participants in, and modulators of, pulmonary immune responses. To test this hypothesis, we examined the effects of CD8+ T cell depletion on the generation of a pulmonary immune response in vivo. We monitored the recruitment of mononuclear cells into lungs in the absence of CD8-dependent signals and measured the duration of pulmonary inflammation in the absence of suppressor CD8+ T cells. Primed mice were treated with anti-CD8 monoclonal antibody to deplete CD8+ T cells and subsequently were challenged intratracheally with 5 x 10(8) SRBC. At various times after challenge, total and differential cell counts and lymphocyte phenotypes were measured in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid by flow cytometry and lungs were scored histologically. We found that depletion of CD8+ T cells neither decreased recruitment of immune and inflammatory cells nor prolonged the pulmonary immune response.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • CD8 Antigens
  • Erythrocytes / immunology
  • Female
  • Flow Cytometry
  • Kinetics
  • Lung / cytology
  • Lung / immunology*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Sheep
  • T-Lymphocytes / immunology*
  • Trachea / immunology*

Substances

  • CD8 Antigens