Ascorbic acid recycling in human neutrophils

J Biol Chem. 1993 Jul 25;268(21):15531-5.

Abstract

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C) accumulation in activated human neutrophils is increased as much as 10-fold above the mM concentrations present in normal neutrophils. Internal concentrations as high as 14 mM are achieved when external vitamin is at physiologic concentration. The mechanism is by oxidation of external vitamin to dehydroascorbic acid, preferential transmembrane translocation of dehydroascorbic acid, and intracellular reduction to ascorbic acid within minutes. These data indicate that vitamin C accumulation is enhanced in activated human neutrophils and that human neutrophils utilize and recycle oxidized external vitamin C under physiologic conditions.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Ascorbic Acid / metabolism*
  • Catalase / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dehydroascorbic Acid / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine / pharmacology
  • Neutrophils / drug effects
  • Neutrophils / metabolism*
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Sodium Fluoride / pharmacology
  • Superoxide Dismutase / metabolism
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Xanthine
  • Xanthine Oxidase / metabolism
  • Xanthines / metabolism

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Xanthines
  • Xanthine
  • N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine
  • Sodium Fluoride
  • Catalase
  • Superoxide Dismutase
  • Xanthine Oxidase
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
  • Ascorbic Acid
  • Dehydroascorbic Acid