The adenosine kinase inhibitor, 5-iodotubercidin, is not protective against cerebral ischemic injury in the gerbil

Life Sci. 1993;53(6):497-502. doi: 10.1016/0024-3205(93)90701-4.


5-Iodotubercidin is a potent inhibitor of the enzyme adenosine kinase. It has a recognized ability to enhance interstitial fluid levels of the cerebroprotective purine, adenosine, in the hypoxic brain, and an anticonvulsant action, which is thought to be a consequence of its ability to increase extracellular adenosine levels. 5-Iodotubercidin (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was therefore tested for its ability to reduce cerebral ischemic injury in a gerbil model. Unanesthetized gerbils were subjected to a 5 min period of bilateral carotid artery occlusion and then maintained in an environmental chamber at 30 degrees C for 5 hr to counteract the hypothermia-inducing action of 5-iodotubercidin. As estimated from the extent of the increases in locomotor activity and the magnitude of hippocampal CAI layer pyramidal cell loss, 5-iodotubercidin (1 mg/kg) failed to have a cerebroprotective effect against ischemic injury.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Kinase / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Animals
  • Body Temperature / drug effects
  • Brain Ischemia / pathology
  • Brain Ischemia / physiopathology
  • Brain Ischemia / prevention & control*
  • Gerbillinae
  • Hippocampus / drug effects
  • Hippocampus / pathology
  • Male
  • Motor Activity / drug effects
  • Tubercidin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Tubercidin / pharmacology


  • 5-iodotubercidin
  • Adenosine Kinase
  • Tubercidin