Neuropathology of lubag (x-linked dystonia parkinsonism)

Mov Disord. 1993 Jul;8(3):387-90. doi: 10.1002/mds.870080328.


Lubag is an x-linked recessive dystonia parkinsonism that affects Filipino men originating principally from the Panay Island. Linkage analysis has confirmed the mode of inheritance and localized the disease gene to the proximal long arm of the x-chromosome. We studied the brain of a 34 year old Filipino man affected with lubag. He developed truncal dystonia at age 30, which subsequently generalized. With disease progression, he also presented with parkinsonism including, rigidity, bradykinesia, and impaired balance. His symptoms were largely unaffected by medication and, at age 34, he underwent a right cryothalamotomy. He died suddenly 2 days after the procedure. The principal neuropathological findings were neuronal loss and a multifocal mosaic pattern of astrocytosis restricted to the caudate and lateral putamen. Similar findings have been reported in two other men with dystonia--one Filipino and the other non-Filipino. The similar pathology of the two Filipino men suggests that this is the pathology of lubag. Recognition of this pathology in a non-Filipino man suggests that the mutation causing lubag may not be restricted to the Filipino population.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Astrocytes / pathology
  • Corpus Striatum / pathology*
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans / epidemiology
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans / genetics
  • Dystonia Musculorum Deformans / pathology*
  • Ethnicity
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parkinson Disease / epidemiology
  • Parkinson Disease / genetics
  • Parkinson Disease / pathology*
  • Pedigree
  • Philippines / epidemiology
  • Putamen / pathology
  • X Chromosome