Obstructive sleep apnea in the Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome

Respiration. 1993;60(2):127-32. doi: 10.1159/000196186.


The Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome is characterized by a pattern of malformations including broad thumbs and big toes, microcephaly, facial dysmorphism, small stature, and mental retardation. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), has been described in several facial or skeletal malformations, but never in the Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. We studied a 9-year-old boy, previously diagnosed as having the Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome and affected by severe OSA, as documented by polysomnography. He manifested the habitual and heavy snoring with breathing difficulties at night, and excessive daytime sleepiness. Short neck and obesity were important factors for the severity of the syndrome. Continuous positive airway pressure was not tolerated and weight loss was the only possible treatment, as upper airway surgery was not indicated by cephalometric, otolaryngologic or clinical results.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cephalometry
  • Child
  • Diet, Reducing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Polysomnography
  • Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome / complications*
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / diagnosis
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / drug therapy
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / etiology*