Cloning of gene responsible for tributyltin chloride (TBTC1) resistance in TBTC1-resistant marine bacterium, Alteromonas sp. M-1

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1993 Jul 30;194(2):733-40. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.1993.1883.


A genetic library of tributyltin chloride (TBTC1)-resistant marine bacterium, Alteromonas sp. M-1, was constructed using plasmid vector pUC 19. Three positive clones were obtained from E. coli JM 109 transformed with the plasmids by the method of replica plating to LB medium containing 1 mM TBTC1. These clones could grow in LB liquid medium containing 100 microM TBTC1. Plasmids harbouring genes of Alteromonas sp. M-1 were designated pTBT1, pTBT2 and pTBT3 which contain 1.8 kb Hind III-fragment, 4.8 kb Pst I-fragment and 7.8 kb Pst I-fragment, respectively. Nucleotide sequence of the shortest fragment, 1.8 kb Hind III-fragment was determined, revealing an open reading frame (ORF) was contained in the fragment. The ORF was 324 bp (108 amino acids). The 48.5% of the amino acids encoded was hydrophobic, suggesting that the product relating to TBTC1 resistance might be membrane related protein. Homology search in amino acids alignment indicated that the product has homology with transport proteins.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Cloning, Molecular / methods
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Bacterial / isolation & purification
  • Drug Resistance, Microbial / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / drug effects
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Escherichia coli / growth & development
  • Genes, Bacterial*
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria / drug effects
  • Gram-Negative Aerobic Bacteria / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Trialkyltin Compounds / pharmacology*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Trialkyltin Compounds
  • tributyltin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/D16369