Breast feeding and anaesthesia

Anaesthesia. 1993 Jul;48(7):616-25. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2044.1993.tb07130.x.


Anaesthetists require a good knowledge of the excretion of drugs in breast milk and the potential hazards to suckling infants of drug ingestion via breast milk. A brief account of the physiology of lactation is given. The mechanisms of drug passage into breast milk are discussed followed by a review of the excretion in breast milk of drugs used in anaesthetic practice. Suggestions for the management of anaesthesia in breast feeding mothers are offered.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia*
  • Anesthetics / pharmacokinetics
  • Breast Feeding*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Lactation / physiology
  • Milk, Human / metabolism
  • Pregnancy


  • Anesthetics