Automatic, localized in vivo adjustment of all first- and second-order shim coils

Magn Reson Med. 1993 Jun;29(6):804-11. doi: 10.1002/mrm.1910290613.


The implementation of a "fast, automatic shimming technique by mapping along projections" (FASTMAP) on a 2.1-Tesla whole-body system is described. The method provides a localized adjustment of all first- (X, Y, Z) and second-order (Z2, ZX, ZY, X2-Y2, 2XY) coils in 2 min. The time savings are achieved by mapping the magnetic field along six projections rather than from whole-imaging data sets. An analysis of noise error propagation suggests that in 64-ml volumes the residual linewidths obtained with the method are negligible when the signal-to-rms-noise ratio is above 30. The initial application of the method to localized 13C, 31P, and 1H spectroscopy of the human brain resulted in linewidths of approximately 2 Hz for 13C (144-ml volume), approximately 2.5 Hz for 31P (36-ml volume) and approximately 4 Hz for 1H (36-ml volume) with symmetric and reproducible lineshapes.

MeSH terms

  • Brain / anatomy & histology*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / instrumentation
  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods*
  • Time Factors