Determination of effective orifice area in mitral stenosis from non-invasive ultrasound Doppler data and mitral flow rate

Acta Med Scand. 1977 Jan;201(1-2):83-8. doi: 10.1111/j.0954-6820.1977.tb15660.x.


Ten patients with mitral stenosis, but without mitral insufficiency, have been studied during cardiac catheterization. The mitral orifice blood velocities, the mitral pressure gradient, and the mitral flow rate were determined with ultrasound, manometry, and the direct Fick method, respectively. The effective orifice area was calculated from the ultrasound data and the mitral flow rate. The geometric orifice area was calculated from the pressure gradient and the mitral flow rate, using a revised Gorlin formula. A comparison of the two methods showed a correlation coefficient of 0.975. The investigation demonstrated that the ultrasound method represents an alternative to the conventional catheterization methods used for the quantification of mitral flow obstruction.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Cardiac Output
  • Doppler Effect
  • Echocardiography
  • Humans
  • Mitral Valve / physiopathology*
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / physiopathology*