Fission yeast wee1 protein kinase is not required for DNA damage-dependent mitotic arrest

Nature. 1993 Aug 26;364(6440):824-7. doi: 10.1038/364824a0.


Checkpoints maintain the dependency relationships between discrete events in the cell cycle (for example, ensuring mitosis does not occur before DNA replication is complete). In Schizosaccharomyces pombe, mitotic checkpoints monitor DNA synthesis and the presence of DNA damage. The replication-dependent mitotic checkpoint prevents mitosis by inactivating p34cdc2 kinase. The mechanism by which the DNA damage checkpoint interacts with the mitotic machinery is distinct from that used by the replication checkpoint. The activity of p34cdc2 is controlled, in part, by the wee1 protein kinase, which inactivates cdc2 through phosphorylation at tyrosine-15 (ref. 7). Here we report normal mitotic arrest after DNA damage in S. pombe cells in which the wee1 gene is defective or missing. We suggest why these findings contradict a recent report which suggested that the wee1 gene product was required for DNA damage-dependent mitotic arrest.

MeSH terms

  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / genetics
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • DNA Damage*
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA, Fungal / metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation
  • Gamma Rays
  • Mitosis* / radiation effects
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / cytology
  • Schizosaccharomyces / enzymology*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Temperature
  • Time Factors


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • DNA, Fungal
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins
  • Protein Kinases
  • wee1 protein, S pombe
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase