Purpose: This prospective study was designed to assess the effect of primary hyperparathyroidism on heart muscle, valves, and myocardial function. Echocardiography was used to evaluate changes in mechanical performance, the thickness of the left ventricular wall, myocardial calcific deposits, and valvular calcifications in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.
Methods: Echocardiography was performed in 54 patients with hyperparathyroidism prior to surgery and 12 +/- 2 months after successful parathyroidectomy. A matched control group was followed for comparison.
Results: In a blinded fashion, aortic and mitral valve calcifications were detected in 63% and 49% of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (controls: 12% and 15%, respectively). Calcific deposits in the myocardium were found in 69% of patients with hyperparathyroidism and 17% of the control subjects. After parathyroidectomy and 12 months of normocalcemia, a significant regression of left ventricular hypertrophy (p < 0.001) was observed.
Conclusions: The present data show a high incidence of left ventricular hypertrophy, calcific deposits in the myocardium, and/or aortic and mitral valve calcification in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. A 1-year follow-up after parathyroidectomy (and restoration of normocalcemia) discloses regression of hypertrophy, while calcifications persist without evidence of progression.